PROBLEMS IN MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY: FROM LANGUAGE POLITENESS TO HATE SPEECH

Rahmadsyah Rangkuti, Andi Pratama Lubis

Abstract


Indonesia is known as a nation that has many privileges such as cultural diversity and local wisdom. Cultural diversity that includes ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity is a gift and grace from God Almighty that must be managed and well maintained by all elements of the nation. Caring for diversity and harmonization in multicultural society in the era of information technology or globalization is the biggest challenge of the day. The goal is to maintain harmony and unity in the midst of a multicultural society. In such conditions the ability and understanding of the language politeness play an important role in maintaining the harmonization of multicultural society. Based on that, this article aims to reveal that the problems that can threaten the unity and integrity of this republic are not only derived from differences of certain political and ideological attitudes, but may also originate and begin from languages impoliteness to hate speech. Applying language politeness theory proposed by Pranowo (2009) which extracted values embedded the local wisdom of the Indonesian is considered capable in anticipating hate speech actions. Thus harmonization in multicultural society in Indonesia can be well maintained.


Keywords


multicultural society, language politeness, hate speech, cultural diversity, local wisdom

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baryadi, Praptomo. (2012). Bahasa, Kekuasaan, dan Kekerasan. Yokyakarta: University Sanata Dharma.

Brasdefer, J. Cesar Felix. (2014). “Speech Act Sequences” in Bublitz, Wolfram, eds, Handbooks of Pragmatics. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.

Chaer, Abdul. (2010). Kesantunan Berbahasa. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Griffiths, Patrick. (2006). An Introduction to English Semantics and Pragmatics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia. (2015). Surat Edaran Nomor: SE/6/X/2015. Jakarta.

Komnas HAM Republik Indonesia. (2016). Buku Saku Penanganan Ujaran Kebencian. Jakarta.

Leech, Geofrey. (2014). The Pragmatics of Politeness. New York: Oxford University Press.

Leech, Geofrey. (1983). Priciples of Pragmatics. New York: Longman.

Mangantibe, Vaesy. (2016). Ujaran Kebencian Dalam Surat Edaran Kapolri Nomor: SE/6/X/2015 Tentang Penanganan Ucapan Kebencian (Hate Speech). Jurnal Lex Crimen [online], Volume 5 (1), p. 159-162. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/lexcrimen/article/view/10614.

Muhadjir. (2016). “Perlu Dibangun Ragam Bahasa Politik yang Santun” in Riris K. Toha Sarumpaet (ed.), Krisis Budaya?. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Pranowo. (2009). Berbahasa Secara Santun. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Purnomo, Maslathif Dwi. (2017). The Power of Language (Kuasa Bahasa) Dalam Dimensi Sosial, Politik, Budaya dan Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Naila Pustaka.

Rongiyati, Sulasi. (2015). Surat Edaran Kapolri Tentang Ujaran Kebencian: Menjaga Kebebasan Berpendapat Dan Harmonisasi Kemajemukan. Info Singkat, Vol.II, No.21.

Sibarani, Robert. (2004). Antropolinguistik: Antropologi Linguistik-Linguistik Antropologi. Medan: Poda.

Sibarani, Robert. (2015). Pembentukan Karakter: Langkah-langkah Berbasis Kearifan Lokal. Jakarta: Asosiasi Tradisi Lisan.

Simangunsong, Benedictus A. (2016). Ujaran Kebencian: Membangun Literasi Era Digital. Proceeding Internasional Conference of Communication, Industry and Community. Jakarta, 1 Februari 2016.

Siregar, Bahren Umar. (2011). Seluk-Beluk Fungsi Bahasa. Jakarta: Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya.

Sosiowati, I Gusti Ayu Gde. (2013). “Kesantunan Bahasa Politisi dalam Talk Show di Metro TV”. (Unpublished Ph.D thesis) Universitas Udayana, Bali.

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. (1990). Pengajaran Pragmatik. Bandung: Angkasa.

Zubaedi. (2012). Desain Pendidikan Karakter: Konsepsi dan Aplikasinyaa dalam Lembaga Pendidikan. Jakarta: Kencana.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30743/aicll.v1i1.34

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Annual International Conference on Language and Literature (AICLL)

Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara
Website : http://aicll.sastra.uisu.ac.id/index.php/aicll/index
Email : aicll2018@sastra.uisu.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons

Annual International Conference on Language and Literature (AICLL) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License